Needs according to Maslow

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Need refers to the feeling of lack that an individual may experience. Through his now famous pyramid, Abraham Maslow explains that there are five successive categories of needs. At the base of the pyramid, we distinguish the physiological needs which are a reference to the fundamental needs. They are directly linked to the survival of each individual: feeding, dressing, drinking.

This is followed by the need for security which translates the importance for each individual to be reassured. In order to feel secure, an individual buys equipment to secure his home, takes out health insurance, seeks a stable job, etc. When the feeling of security is acquired, an individual naturally develops the need to belong to a family, a community, an association or other. Also called social needs, belonging needs are related to the social character of each individual.

When he feels accepted by a group, an individual feels the need to be valued by himself and by his peers. These needs can be manifested for example by the recourse to plastic surgery to feel more beautiful, by the purchase of luxurious objects which confer a certain social status. At the top of Maslow’s pyramid are the needs for fulfillment. They are for each individual, to achieve these goals, to develop his potential and to exploit all the possibilities he has. According to Abraham Maslow, these five needs are perfectly hierarchical.